In their natural habitat they grow in the understory; most cultivars prefer part shade, especially in hotter climates, but they will also grow in heavy shade. (1999). Numerous cultivars are popular in Europe and North America, with red-leafed favored, followed by cascading green shrubs with deeply dissected leaves.. If space is not a constraint, no pruning is necessary except to remove any dead branches. Some growers prefer to shape their trees artistically or to thin out interior branches to better expose the graceful main branches. Each palmate green leaf (2-5" long) has 5 or 7 but less frequently 9 pointed toothed lobes. Group: Palmatum (deeply divided leaves) Height: 8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m) 10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m) Spacing: 6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m) Hardiness: USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) For other uses, see. - 10 ft. 0 in. 'Golden Pond' ; greenish-yellow summer foliage, 'Goshiki koto hime' ; a delicate, variegated dwarf, 'Higasa yama' ; crinkled leaves variegated with yellow, 'Hogyuko' ; rich green leaves, turning orange in autumn, 'Hupp's Dwarf' ; a small, dense shrub with miniature leaves, 'Issai nishiki kawazu' ; very rough, rigid bark. Category: Trees. The flowers are produced in small cymes, the individual flowers with five red or purple sepals and five whitish petals. It is native to Japan, Korea and China.  Cultivars are chosen for phenotypical aspects such as leaf shape and size (shallowly to deeply lobed, some also palmately compound), leaf color (ranging from chartreuse through dark green or from orange to red, to dark purple, others variegated with various patterns of white and pink), bark texture and color, and growth pattern. Be the first to review this product. This deciduous tree produces brilliant displays of colour through the seasons. Many have fine autumn colour, and some have ornamental stems palmatum cultivars, with a small overall size, small leaves, and a vibrant red spring coloration different from most other red cultivars. Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. Light, airy, layered. , "Momiji" redirects here. & van Gelderen, D.M. Each palmate green leaf (2-5" long) has 5 or 7 but less frequently 9 pointed toothed lobes. Japanese maple is grown for its green or red colored leaves, interesting growth habit and … One of the best cultivars for bonsai. Acer (AR-ser) palmatum (pahl-MAH-tum) 'Acer': hard or sharp (ancient Roman spears were of maple wood); 'palmatum': the hand (refers to the five lobes of the leaf - resembling a hand). Specimen/accent or group around the home or yard or periphery of the border. The leaves are 4–12 cm (1 ⁄2–4 ⁄4 in) long and wide, palmately lobed with five, seven, or nine acutely pointed lobes. The trees are particularly suitable for borders and ornamental paths because the root systems are compact and not invasive. There is a wide range of Acer palmatum varieties available, ranging from a little over a metre in height to more than six metres high. 'Shaina' ; a dwarf sport from 'Bloodgood'. Acer Palmatum - 'Fireglow' Fireglow is an impressive, vigorous, reliable tree that burns fire-red. They have a five lobed leaf and light green spring foliage usually turning deep orange and crimson in autumn. Acer palmatum Figure 1. Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Sandy loam soil Dimensions: Height: 8 ft. 0 in. Japanese Maple1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Japanese maple has a height and spread of about 20 feet, but there are much smaller selections available (Fig. Technical information. - 12 ft. 0 in. Acer palmatum is a deciduous shrub or small tree reaching heights of 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft), rarely 16 metres (52 ft), reaching a mature width of 15–35 feet, often growing as an understory plant in shady woodlands. The spring leaves are a very bright pink-red with occasional small blotches of dark and light green, gradually becoming light pink and faintly tinged light green by mid June. Size and leaf color varies depending on variety. Fertilize in spring before leaves emerge. It will then age to green leaves with pink margins during the summer. Cold hardy and does well in containers and has good fall color. Most cultivars are less vigorous and smaller than is typical for the species, but are more interesting than the relatively mundane species. Acer palmatum includes thousands of named cultivars with a variety of forms, colors, leaf types, sizes, and preferred growing conditions. Acer palmatum, commonly called Japanese maple, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-25' (infrequently to 40') tall.  Trees are prone to die during periods of drought and prefer consistent water conditions; more established trees are less prone to drought. Acer Palmatum Inaba-Shidare. Acer Palmatum can grow up to a height of 8 metres and a width of 4 metres. Foliage: Acer palmatum display dark green or red, five lobed leaves which change to various shades of gold and red in autumn. General plant form is rounded to broad-rounded, often with low branching. Overall form of the tree can vary from upright to weeping..  In particular, a number of dark-red Acer palmatum are sold with the names ‘Atropurpureum’ and ‘Bloodgood’. Middle-aged Japanese Maple. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T193845A2285627.en, "History of Japanese Maples and Value as a Landscaping Tree", Maple Forum at the UBC Botanical Garden - The defacto place where Japanese Maple Enthusiasts share their interest, photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Japan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_palmatum&oldid=991518903, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Aka shigitatsu sawa'; pinkish-white leaves with green veins, 'Ao ba jo'; a dwarf with bronze-green summer foliage. Plant database entry for Cutleaf Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum 'Orangeola') with 19 images, one comment, ... At the height of the summer heat, some of the leaves will turn tan and dry up, but the tree quickly recovers when conditions are less harsh. Grow in moist but well-drained, acid or neutral soil. In Japan, iromomiji is used as an accent tree in Japanese gardens, providing gentle shade next to the house in the summer and beautiful colors in autumn. Pixie can handle a lot of sun but give afternoon shade in real hot climates. Spectacular variegated leaves are white, pink, and green with color perhaps stronger than Higasayama. Below are a selection of our favourites, from our Nurseries in Hampshire. Image Ron Kemeny. Add to Cart Favourite Add to Collection Compare Print Download Email Share Tweet Trees naturally self-prune foliage that doesn't receive enough light, such as internal branches which are overly shaded by its own canopy. In spring, it produces small purple flowers which give way to red fruits. Acer palmatum, commonly called Japanese maple, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-25' (infrequently to 40') tall. Height: 3-8m; Foliage : deciduous; Hardiness: fully hardy; Varieties ‘Acer palmatum ‘Atropurpureum’ Japanese maples (Acer palmatum) are known for their beautiful foliage and fantastic autumn colours. When Swedish doctor-botanist Carl Peter Thunberg traveled in Japan late in the eighteenth century, he produced drawings of a small tree that would eventually become synonymous with the high art of oriental gardens. Trees heal readily after pruning without needing aftercare. Cultivars (often grafted) are quite variable.Genus name is the Latin name for a maple tree.Specific epithet is in reference to the palmate nature of the leaves. Acer palmatum can also be used as espalier.  Many different cultivars of this maple have been selected and they are grown worldwide for their large variety of attractive forms, leaf shapes, and spectacular colors. The flowers are produced in small cymes, the individ… Trees do not require or appreciate heavy fertilization and should only be very lightly fertilized, preferably using polymer coated slow-release fertilizer with a 3 to 1 ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus respectively, or preferably a bio-solid based fertilizer like a 6-4-0 N-P-K. High Nitrogen lawn fertilizer should be avoided in the immediate vicinity of these trees, as excessive nitrogen can cause overly vigorous growth that is not consistent with the natural form of the tree, and is prone to dieback and pathogens. Acer palmatum can vary in height and size a little because they are grown from seed but in all cases it is a lovely small tree and very popular. Under cultivation the tree normally attains a height of 5 m (15 ft) but in its natural environment it reaches 8 m (27 ft). Fine, lacy foliage is a nice contrast with more substantial-leafed perennials and shrubs. Exposure: Sun. Even the new growth displays the linearlobum type leaf form. The form of the tree, especially without leaves in winter, can be of great interest and can be pruned to highlight this feature. Spring or summer pruning often results in significant bleeding. In habit, its canopy often takes on a dome-like form, especially when mature. Family Sapindaceae . Noted for its outstanding color and vigor, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Garnet' is a medium-sized deciduous shrub with large, deeply cut, dissected leaves of great beauty. Acer palmatum commonly known as the Japanese maple is an incredibly popular ornamental choice for both domestic and commercial customers. 'Atropurpureum' ; wine-red, including new branches (see 'Dissectum Atropurpureum'); original cultivar lost and diluted by use of the name to market seedlings of a similar look. Small leaves with deeply divided lobes, tapering to a point, turn downwards. 'Red Dragon' ; One of the finest of the lace-leaf weeping umbrella-shaped forms. In addition to the cultivars described above, a number of cultivar groups have been naturally selected over time to such an extent that seedlings often resemble the parent. Variegated white, cream, yellow, yellow-orange or light green cultivars mostly require shade protection. In some cases, identical cultivars go by different names, while in other cases, different cultivars may be given the same name. Foliage tends to leaf out early in spring and is subject to damage from late spring frosts. More information about the Japanese maple (Acer palmatum). The flowers are rather attractive close up, but are not particularly showy from a distance. Of all the ornamental trees, the Japanese Maples are easily my personal favourites. Acer palmatum 'Aratama' is dwarf maple with tiny leaves that emerge purple red in the spring. 1). Width: 10 ft. 0 in. Can reach 8m in height. How to grow Acer palmatum ‘Shirazz’ This is maple with a moderate growth rate, it will reach to around 5 metres in height over time with similar spread. It may have multiple trunks joining close to the ground. Plant Category: Shade & Flowering Trees. Acer palmatum Pixie is like a miniature version of the Japanese maple Bloodgood. Genus Acer can be deciduous trees or large shrubs with paired, often palmately-lobed leaves and small flowers followed by characteristic winged fruits. Best grown in moist, organically rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It is well suited to growing in small gardens, and may also be grown in a large pot. A selection of notable or popular cultivars, with brief notes about characteristics that apply during at least one season, includes the following. While attractive close up, the flowers are however not particularly showy from a distance. Acer Palmatum Taylor. They have insignificant small red flowers in spring. 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